Lebanese Garlic Sauce (Toum)Jump To Recipe
- Serves: 4 cups
This Lebanese Garlic Sauce (Toum) is a popular condiment in Lebanese restaurants served often with chicken - it's dairy free & made with only 4 ingredients
- Author: Yumna Jawad
Lebanese Garlic Sauce (Toum)
Whenever I make Shish Tawook, everyone asks me, but wait…tell me about that sauce!
That sauce is Toum, which translates to garlic in Arabic! Toum is a Lebanese garlic sauce, that’s actually more like a spread because of its thickness. It’s super popular to spread it over grilled chicken, shawarma, rotisserie chicken and many other dishes. It’s basically a slow and steady emulsion process of garlic and oil.
I’ve always enjoyed eating toum at restaurants but I’ve never dared make it myself! I always thought the proper way to make toum involved mayonnaise or egg whites, and it sounded like such a high-calorie sauce to be making at home. “No thank you”, I thought “I’ll just keep it as a treat when I’m out.”
But then I discovered Maureen Abood‘s recipe for Lebanese garlic sauce and it only needed 4 ingredients: garlic, oil, lemon juice and salt, I was sold! I said I would try it out and tweak the recipe as I saw fit. But really the recipe came out so perfect the first time I made it that I made no tweaks. It’s flavor-packed, dairy-free, and most importantly easy-to-make!
Steps to Make Lebanese Garlic Sauce
The trick about making homemade toum is the emulsifying process. So in order to emulsify properly, use a large amount of garlic! I started with 1 cup of peeled garlic cloves. I removed the sprout from the inside of the garlic to make sure that I’m only using the freshest whitest part of the garlic. This step is not necessary, but from making this recipe both ways, I found that it makes a slight difference that toum connoisseurs (aka my brother-in-law who will detect). It results in a less bitter sauce.
Now, you don’t need a food processor to make toum, but it definitely makes the process faster so that you don’t have to mince the garlic and whisk. It also creates a more light and airy texture, typical of toum found in many restaurants. I’m sure back in Lebanon my grandmothers used to just use a mortar and pestle to make their garlic. But nonetheless, the food processor makes it quicker for us these days. I start by mincing the garlic with kosher salt.
In order to emulsify, just like making pesto, it’s important to run the oil very slowly and small batches at a time. When you first introduce the oil, start with only one tablespoon or a drop of oil. This gives the oil ample time to blend well into the salted garlic. You can’t really rush the process. When you first introduce the oil, make sure to scrape down the sides so that all the minced salted garlic gets well incorporated into the oil. Maureen says that “The initial introduction of oil into the garlic is the most critical step in making toum” and I totally agree after trying this a couple times!
My food processor has a small hole that makes this possible. But even if you don’t have that, you can still slowly drizzle the oil, about half a cup at a time. You will immediately start to see the garlic turn into a white creamy texture and you’ll know something magical is happening in your food processor! But be patient in slowly drizzling the oil and it will turn out even more magical!
The lemon plays a supporting role in the Lebanese garlic sauce, but it’s definitely not important and can be changed according to your taste preference. Also, when the lemon juice appears in the emulsifying recipe can change. I like adding it at the end after the oil and salted garlic are properly blended. I think it gives it a fresh burst of flavor that pairs really well with Lebanese food!
To let the garlic set, I cover it with a paper towel and let the flavors set in overnight before enjoying it. The paper towel allows some of the moisture to wick away while setting in the flavors. The end result is a light, airy, totally garlickly and beautifully creamy Lebanese garlic sauce. Its smooth texture and aromatic taste makes it so addictive to enjoy in so many ways!
Great Pairings for Lebanese Garlic Sauce
The possibilities of how to serve toum are endless. It really depends on your love for toum. I mostly enjoy it with grilled meat and chicken. But it works really well with grilled fish, in sandwiches, in pasta. It also works as a dip with pita bread and crackers or even as a base for a garlickly salad dressing. Here are some great recipes that work with the garlic sauce.
- Shish Tawook (Chicken Skewers)
- Broccoli and Shrimp Pasta Alfredo
- Chicken Shawarma Salad
- Roasted Cauliflower Pitas
- Shawarma Pita Pizza
I hope you love this feelgood Lebanese Garlic Sauce recipe. If you make it, please leave me a comment below telling me how you like it, or use hashtag #feelgoodfoodie on Instagram so I can see (and regram!) your recreations.
- 1 cup garlic cloves, peeled
- 2 teaspoons kosher salt
- 3 cups neutral oil, such as canola or safflower
- 1/4 cup lemon juice
- Slice the garlic cloves in half lengthwise and remove any green sprouts.
- Transfer the sliced garlic cloves into a food processor and add the kosher salt to the garlic cloves. Process for a minute until the garlic becomes finely minced. Make sure to scrape down the sides of the food processor afterwards.
- With the food processor running, slowly pour one to two tablespoons for oil, then stop and scrape down the bowl. Continue adding another tablespoon or two until the garlic starts looking creamy.
- Once the garlic looks emulsified by the few tablespoons of oil, increase the speed of pouring the oil until the 3 cups are all incorporated. This will take about 15 minutes to complete.
- Finally, pour in the lemon juice to blend into the garlic sauce.
- Transfer the sauce into a glass container and cover with a paper towel overnight.
- The next day, cover with an airtight lid and enjoy with your favorite meals!
- This recipe was adopted from Maureen Abood
- One quick way to peel a lot of garlic is to place them in a large empty jar and shake it vigoriously. It helps to release most of the cloves from the peel.
- Store the Lebanese Garlic Sauce in an airtight container in the fridge for up to 4-5 weeks. Over time, the flavor of the garlic will become more subtle but it will stay fresh and tasty.
- I’ve never tried this in a blender because it seems that the blade for mine is not strong enough. However, it may work in a Vitamix blender