Essential Cooking Spices

Check out these 30 essential cooking spices that every kitchen needs for most recipes! I also share my favorite spices for Lebanese cooking.

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A complete set of essential spices is one of the cornerstones of a well-stocked pantry. In my kitchen, I keep basic and Lebanese-specific spices. What is spice? Spices are intensely flavored dried plant parts- the bark, buds, fruit, roots, seeds, or stems.

Spice drawer
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A solid selection of spices cuts down on unnecessary trips to the store when a recipe calls for, say turmeric, and will give you so much versatility in the kitchen. Think about plain scrambled eggs: go Mexican with a sprinkle of chipotle, cumin, and coriander or make them Lebanese style with zaatar.

How to decide what spices to buy

What kind of cook are you? What flavors do you really love? Stock the spice drawer for making all your standards and the dishes you want to try. You can’t make it if you don’t have it. Below are a few ideas to get you started

  • Baker: The basic baking spices are cinnamon, nutmeg, ginger, and cardamon. And of course, vanilla, which comes in liquid extract form, paste, and straight-up vanilla beans.
  • Chili lover: Buy chili powder or make your own by mixing chili powder from chipotle or ancho chilis, crushed red pepper, black pepper, cumin, coriander, oregano, garlic, and onion powder.
  • Hot sauce fan: Crushed red peppers are the crushed dried flakes and seeds of cayenne pepper with other hot peppers mixed in. Experiment with other pepper flakes from only one specific type of pepper like Aleppo pepper.
  • Francophile: French (and Italian) cuisine relies heavily on herbs like basil, oregano, thyme and rosemary, but definitely stock black peppercorns, cinnamon and nutmeg (used in sweet and savory applications).
  • Mexican kitchen: Various chili powders like ancho or chipotle (or dried whole chilis,) achiote, anise, cloves, cumin, cinnamon, and vanilla.
  • Autumn latte lover: Mix ground cinnamon, nutmeg, and clove for your own pumpkin spice flavor.
Variety of spices

Whole versus ground spices

  • Ground spices are convenient and quick
  • However, many recommend replacing ground spices every six months or at least once a year, which gets pricey
  • Whole spices last longer (up to three years) and taste fresher because their flavor is released upon grinding.
  • But whole spices are more time consuming because you have to grind them. And many recipes also suggest toasting them.
  • In addition to time, whole spices require the means to grind, like a mortar and pestle or designated small coffee/spice grinder. Cinnamon sticks and nutmeg can be powderized on a Microplane.
  • Since black pepper goes in almost everything, and the fresh ground is really wonderful, a pepper grinder is a worthwhile investment for a starter kitchen.
Scooping spice from a bowl

My essential cooking spices

Below are my 30 favorite essential spices that I have in my spice drawer. If you’re just starting out….I recommend these 10 basic spices bolded below:

  1. 7 Spice
  2. Basil
  3. Bay leaves
  4. Cardamom
  5. Cayenne pepper
  6. Chili powder
  7. Cinnamon
  8. Coriander
  9. Cumin (My favorite spice of all time!)
  10. Crushed red pepper
  11. Curry
  12. Dill
  13. Everything but the bagel
  14. Garlic powder
  15. Ginger (ground)
  16. Italian seasoning
  17. Mint
  18. Mustard powder
  19. Nutmeg
  20. Onion powder
  21. Oregano
  22. Paprika
  23. Pumpkin Pie Spice
  24. Sage
  25. Smoked Paprika
  26. Sumac
  27. Taco seasoning
  28. Thyme
  29. Turmeric
  30. Zaatar

My 12 favorite Lebanese cooking spices

Some of these are also included above, but with the below spices you can make any of my Lebanese recipes.

  • 7 Spice
  • Caraway
  • Cardamom
  • Cinnamon
  • Cloves (Ground)
  • Coriander (Ground)
  • Crushed Mint
  • Cumin
  • Paprika
  • Sumac
  • Turmeric
  • Zaatar

How to store cooking spices

  1. Find a cool, dark, dry place. For the longest life, store spices in a drawer or shelf that meets all three of these requirements.
  2. Not in the fridge: Extending the life of your expensive spices in the fridge might seem obvious but the humidity is not necessarily a good thing and could cause mold.
  3. Really, hold the heat. Avoid storing spices in racks or drawers so close to the range that they will get hot from cooking heat or absorb moisture from boiling liquids.
  4. Use tightly lidded jars: Keep out pests and humidity and ensure freshness.
Yumna opening spice jar

Frequently asked questions

Spices are so expensive. How can I save money?

Sticker shock in the supermarket spice aisle is real. But luckily shopping online spice companies and your local Indian, Asian, or Latin markets can be more affordable. Cost Plus World Market and Trader Joe’s are good, too. If you buy spices in bulk or in cellophane bags, purchase your own jars or recycle supermarket empties

Will expired spices make me sick?

No, but the strength of spices diminishes over time, so old ones won’t be doing their job and your food will miss out on maximum flavor. Buy small amounts of spice and replenish often.

For more cooking resources:

Spices make or break recipes. The right one can make a dish taste like home – or your favorite restaurant order – instead of a disappointing imposter. Stock your essential spices today.

If you find this post on my Spice Drawer Essentials useful, we’d love to hear from you! And if you snapped some shots of your spice drawer and your must have spices, please share it with me on Instagram so I can repost on my stories!

Leave a comment


  1. lilly says:

    thank you

  2. Rocio S says:

    Hello! I love your recipes. I have a question, can you share your shawarma spice blend please? I tried to google it but some recipes call for cinnamon and others just don’t even mention it.
    Thank you

    1. Yumna says:

      Sure! This recipe outlines the spices I use.